History & Background

The Land before dawn

Tabuk was once called the “Valley of the Gamonangs”. The Gamonangs are a Kalinga tribe which dominated northern Kalinga some centuries ago. This tribe was reportedly hostile and antagonistic that it provoked the anger of southern Kalinga tribes into joining forces against the Gamonangs.

The invasion by the allied southern tribes upon the Gamonangs left many dead in the battlefield. Soon a terrible epidemic followed which almost wiped out the Gamonang tribe. Those who escaped death were believed to have fled to the southeastern hills bordering the provinces of Isabela and the old Mountain Province.

Since then,...

Kalinga Landscape
Unique Landscape of Kalinga photo by Christian Mack source:
Photo by John Vizcayno

Dawn of the New Era for Tabuk

The dawn of the new era for Tabuk was more than assured with the coming of the Bureau of Lands Survey Party No. 3-A in the early 1930’s. The party scanned the sprawling valley and found Tabuk to contain a series of plains from Laya to Balong on the first valley, Ipil and Bulanao on the eastern plateau. Farther eastward across the hills, they saw another rich valley now known as Liwan or Babalag, Rizal. Southward, was the plateau of Callagdao and southward of Agbannawag, the plateau of Bulo.

The government subdivision plan of Tabuk implementation ...

city of tabuk in today's time

The municipality is politically subdivided into forty barangays, namely: Agbannawag, Amlao, Appas, Bado Dangwa, Bagumbayan, Balawag, Baong, Bantay, Bulanao, Bulo, Cabaritan, Cabaruan, Calaccad, Calanan, Casigayan, Cudal, Poblacion, Poblacion West, Dilag, Dupag, Gobgob, Guilayon, Lacnog, Lanna, Laya East, Laya West, Lucog, Magnao, Magsaysay, Malalao, Malin-awa, Masablang, Nambaran, Nambucayan, Naneng, New Tanglag, San Juan, San Julian, Suyang and Tuga. But todate, ...


cordillera's 2nd city

Tabuk became the Cordillera’s second city after Baguio on June 23, 2007, when 17,060 voters ratified Republic Act No. 9404, An Act Converting the Municipality of Tabuk into a Component City of the Province of Kalinga to be Known as the City of Tabuk.

In November 2008, the full bench of the Supreme Court of the Philippines declared Republic Act 9404 unconstitutional, reverting Tabuk to the status of a municipality.

Photo by John Vizcayno
the league of 16
Photo from

Tabuk City as part of the "League of 16"

On December 10, 2008, Tabuk and the other 15 cities affected, informally known as the "League of 16", filed a motion for reconsideration with the Supreme Court.

More than a year later, on December 22, 2009, acting on said appeal, the Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that

"at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law...

the land it governs

Tabuk is 548 kilometers from Manila via Cagayan Valley and 514 kilometers from Baguio City via Mountain Province. It is semi-triangular in shape and is bounded by the municipality of Pinukpuk on the north and northwest, the municipality of Rizal on the east and northeast, by the municipality of Quezon, Isabela on the east and southeast, the municipality of Lubuagan and Pasil on the southwest and the municipality of Paracelis, Mt. Province and the municipality of Tanudan on the south.

It has an aggregate land area


map of the province of kalinga
source from:

the people it homes

PHOTO BY: FUJI SAKAI, Fuji | Photography

News of Tabuk as a "Promised Land" drove settlers in the 50’s to Bulanao and Appas. Many other groups followed, contributing to its growing reputation as melting pot of people of various origins and culture. Religion was a contributory factor to the rapid population and physical growth of Tabuk.

The Roman Catholic Church and the United Church of Christ operate a school and an institution, respectively. Others like the Anglican Mission, Seventh Day Adventists, Aglipayan, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Pilgrims Holiness, Spiritistas and Iglesia ni Cristo have also become active,...

its economy

The different tribes in the municipality except for the Gamonangs prefer to stay in the uplands of Upper Tabuk. They till the uplands as “kaingin” farms. They are also engaged in hunting and fishing, bartering their products in the market of Tuao, Cagayan for salt and clothing.

Tabuk holds so much promise for agricultural development, given its fertile lowlands watered by the Chico River Diversion Dam, a steady source of water that has enabled the farmers to produce rice round the year. Its road building program has tremendously hastened the development of both the town and the people.

Agriculture being the major occupation ...